Council will implement a programme of proactive landowner
consultation to identify property and site specific options for the
long term protection of indigenous vegetation and habitats within
five years of the District Plan becoming operative. This
consultation will establish with landowners, managers and trusts,
the best process to be used for the identification and long term
protection of indigenous vegetation.
Subject to the outcome of the consultation process, this will
involve the preparation of a schedule and amendment to the District
Plan identifying those parts of Opotiki District where indigenous
vegetation and habitats are significant under Section 6(c) of the
Resource Management Act.
When the natural heritage study for the Opotiki District is
complete, Council may initiate a Plan Change to incorporate those
areas that have been identified as having importance.
Extensive harbour containing a number of island and estuarine
flats. Includes land water edge, naturally occurring vegetation and
Island located within the Ohiwa Harbour and is vegetated with
coastal forest. The island is a scientific reserve administered by
the Department of Conservation.
Island located within the Ohiwa Harbour and is vegetated with a
mix of native shrub land and exotics. The island is a scientific
reserve administered by the Department of Conservation.
Waiotahi Spit and River mouth
Coastal spit with open beach and dunes enclosing an estuarine
river mouth with harbour beaches Contains a variety of coastal and
wetland flora and fauna, the spit end contains a well preserved Pa
site with a cover of pohutukawa
Estuarine mouth beginning in the Urewera Forest. Includes many
areas of contiguous native vegetation or wetland.
Waiotahi Pohutukawa tunnels
Mature pohutukawa overhanging and growing to either side of
State Highway 2 at Waiotahi Beach on dunes, marine cliff and
Estuarine mouth to point of entry into Waioeka Gorge. Includes
many areas of contiguous native vegetation or wetland.
Estuarine mouth to point of entry into Urutawa Conservation
Area. Includes many areas of contiguous native vegetation or
Conical landform rising from the flood plain of the Waiaua River
that is largely vegetated.
Finger of ranges extending out to the coast as a vegetated
headland with cliffs.
Finger of the Urewera Ranges extending out to the coast as a
prominent ridge and headland with cliffs.
Haumiaroa Point, Whituare Bay, Maraenui Escarpment
Extensive costal edge area from beach to coastal shelves. This
area is contiguous with the Ranges area.
Motu River and river mouth
Braided river mouth with extensive gravel banks and wetland
pasture. Contained by vegetated upland, particularly to the
Whitianga Bay to Ohae Point
Rocky bay including rocky shelves. The area is enhanced by
pohutukawa and other native vegetation along its edges.
Estuarine mouth to point of entry into the Raukumara Forest
Conservation Park. Includes exposed and partially vegetated gravel
Motunui Island and associated reefs
Small rocky island located off Okahu Point and has been
identified as a Pa site and an urupa site.
Kereu River mouth
Braided river mouth to point of entry into the Raukumara Forest
Conservation Park. Includes exposed and partially vegetated gravel
Rocky bay enclosed by partially vegetated headlands. Includes
vegetated coastal edge, areas of contiguous native vegetation,
rocky shelves, and small islands.
Raukokore River mouth
Oruaiti beach, offshore rocks and Waikanapanapana cliffs
Rock shelves and wave cut platform below partially vegetated
cliffs at north end of Oruaiti Bay, it also include Oruaiti
Whangaparaoa River and river mouth
Sandy river mouth to point where it enters the northern
Raukumara Ranges, and includes areas of contiguous wetlands
Small headland at the foot of Cape Runaway which rises from
rocky shelves on the coast to form a prominent knoll.
Dramatic headland with prominent ridge rising from a rocky
The above table is incomplete and as criteria are developed and
outstanding landscapes and features assessed throughout the
district, a plan change may be initiated to include further
Source: Opotiki District Landscape AssessmentBoffa Miskell
Wetlands of the Opotiki district
Haparapara River and Wakakariki River
Rivers pass through steep country west of Raukumara Forest Park,
with some modification of the catchment. One of the few river
systems in the North Island with no introduced fish.
Motu River (that part with the Bay of Plenty)
Classified as Wild and Scenic River, one of the largest North
Island rivers unaffected by hydroelectric development. Much of the
catchment in Raukumara Forest Park consisting of
podocarp-tawa-beech forests. Major population of blue duck found on
the river and its tributaries, also an extensive population of
Coastal stream entering Whanarua Bay. Forested catchment,
Hochstetter's frog present. Numerous galaxiid fish species
including giant kokopu.
Raupo wetland with willow and manuka. Good numbers of spotless
crake. Common bush and field birds.
Te Rereauirua Swamp
Raupo-flax wetland with little open water. Fernbird, and
spotless crake present, bittern reported.
Raupo wetland bordered by manuka. No open water. Spotless crake
Largest area of raupo in hills. Bittern reported.
Haupoto Stream Swamp
Manuka-sedge-raupo wetland with some artificial ponds. Grazed. A
few wetland and field bird species.
Source: Proposed Bay of Plenty Regional Land Management Plan Bay
of Plenty Regional Council1998
This is a list of known wetlands within the Opotiki district;
there are other wetlands within the district that may also be of
Assessment of Significance Criteria for Indigenous Vegetation
This is based on an assessment of vegetation of present
versus past extent, diversity, pattern, naturalness and
Diversity and pattern
The diversity of ecological and physical features, and the
patterns that exist within the area under consideration.
Naturalness / Intactness
The degree to which the vegetation and habitats reflect the
likely natural character. Most mainland ecosystems are modified but
the degree of naturalness is an important consideration.
Rarity and distinctivenss
This is based on an assessment of the relative rarity of the
features, vegetation, habitat and species at a local, regional, and
may be national level.
Long term viability
The likelihood of an area remaining ecologically viable over
Buffering and connectivity
The degree to which the area is protected/buffered by the
surrounding landscape, or provides a buffer to other areas. A site
may play an important role by connecting other areas of indigenous
vegetation or habitat, or providing a riparian buffer.
Importance for breeding, feeding, roosting, or loafing areas for
indigenous fauna on a regular or annual basis.
Importance of contribution to the habitat requirements of rare,
vulnerable and endangered indigenous flora or fauna.
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